How to Write a Comparative-Contrast Essay

Comparative Essay

While writing an essay paper, the key point is to choose the criteria that distinguish this type of the essay from others. The previous time we have talked about the analytical essay, but today we are considering the comparative-contrast essay. Here, the key is hidden right in the title. Comparison is a method aimed at determining similarities and differences between objects or particular phenomena, while contrasting shows the main features that distinguish objects from one another. Usually, we are able to compare different objects, basing our analysis only on a few features (such as color, shape, size, etc.). Nevertheless, the comparison should be done on a level that is deeper and certainly more reasonable.

In addition, the selection of these features is often arbitrary and is not concentrated on a fulfilling analysis of the object. When comparing, some important points should be considered. Primarily, in comparison, it is necessary to select several objects of study, in which you are knowledgeable. Then examine the literature to give an objective assessment of the both objects that are mentioned in your research. How to make such an essay smart and interesting? Read below! If you need the detailed information on this point, you may found it here.

Step 1: Highlight the Features

While comparing, you should show what is similar about these items. While contrasting, you need to demonstrate how the items differ. Students are usually satisfied with only two or three qualities of the objects, but there are more options actually. One must learn to analyze the object from different angles, to compare one object with another, which has some different qualities. Also, you should concentrate on the point which is preferable to you. It depends on the objects compared.

Step 2: Study Chosen Subject

To give any comparison or contrast, you should definitely learn everything about the objects you want to characterize. Search for the literature and, if possible, for the people, who worked with this kind of topic. Do research that will allow you to make conclusions. The essay worth attention should highlight the features of the analyzed objects in an original way, showing why it is interesting or even challenging to put these two objects together and see how they co-exist.

Step 3: Brainstorm the Topic


It is okay not to have a complete idea about your thesis sentence from the start. Take some time to brainstorm and consider all the facts that define the similarity (or difference) between the one you are studying. Such analysis will help see the focus of an investigation, and guide you towards producing a thesis. Emphasize the thesis and say why this topic is very important. You can always make a list of all of the qualities or characteristics of each object. After doing that, you will see the major points of distinction or comparability that can be helpful for your description. You do not need to list of each and every feature in which your objects are comparable or different. Furthermore, you do not need to do this. Instead, pick a couple of characteristics that appear to be virally essential.

Step 4: Outline Your Body Paragraphs

List of Paragraphs

This sort of association works best when you need to highlight the dissimilarities between your subjects. Initially, you should be talking about how your objects can be compared. At that point, you should end with their distinctions (and, as a rule, how one is prevalent). Here is a way of how a paper could look with this pattern.

At first, you should have an Introduction (sticking to a simple structure) and after that the body of the text. In the first paragraph tell why the objects are, for example, similar and after that focus on the differences in a more detailed way. It depends on the focus: comparison or contrast. Make sure you have put it all together in a cohesive way.

Step 5: Examples

After deciding on a structure, you may also think of examples. For example, if you compare food, involve the experience concerning taste, smell, the emotions it gives, how the sensory characteristics differ.  Naturally, the choice will depend on the type of the essay and its focus. You will definitely have the content which will include qualities and attributes of the things, distinct situations that represent their features. Involve the reader’s senses and emotions. The human factor will improve the connection and understanding. However, do not overload your essay with these, as your point is to prove and ease the perception of its.

Step 6: Make Up a Title and… Rest

Writing a Title

Choosing a title will bring some spicy taste to your idea. It will decorate the essay like a tiny bow on a gift. So, consider this point with all importance that is needed. A decent article title will review something about the paper’s content or theme. You may make a joke or a play with words, put a question, or give a synopsis of your primary point. After the brainstorming, calm down and exhale. The text is ready to share and become a piece of reading for others. You may review it after a while, however, avoid rewriting too much, as it may spoil your essay. Also, complete it with additional information, if you find some, and do not forget to check your grammar and punctuation. Look through your article and ask a friend to help you in case you are not certain about your own particular editing abilities.

Remember: while choosing someone to proofread your essay, make sure this person knows at least something about the objects you have compared. And by the way, you will not be able to improve your analysis of a literary work if you give your essay to someone who has never read this work.

Wait for the next batch of tips on creating truly high-quality academic texts!

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